Tilia europea is widely grown as an ornamental tree throughout its native range in Europe. It was much planted to form avenues in 17th and early 18th century landscape planning. A famous example is Unter den Linden in Berlin. It is the national tree of the Czech Republic.
It is also widely cultivated in North America as a substitute for the native American Linden (Tilia americana) which has a larger leaf, coarser in texture; there it is usually called Little-leaf Linden. A valuable monofloral honey is produced by bees using the trees. The white, finely-grained wood is a classic choice for refined woodcarvings such as those by Grinling Gibbons.
Tilia cordata, the Small-leaved Lime or Small-leaved Linden is a tree native to much of Europe, including southern Britain north to about Durham. It grows to 20-35 m tall, with a trunk up to 1-1.5 m diameter. The leaves are rounded to triangular-ovate, 4-8 cm long and broad, mostly hairless (unlike the related Tilia platyphyllos) except for small tufts of brown hair in the leaf vein axils. The small yellow-green flowers are produced in early summer, have a rich, heavy scent; the trees are much visited by bees.
Trunk-scope: 12 - 14 cm
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